Emerging Issues
Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Band 65

von: Alana Johns, Diane Massam, Juvenal Ndayiragije

89,24 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 28.06.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9781402041884
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 372

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The overarching theme of this volume is the formal expression of the range and limits of ergativity. The book contains cutting-edge theoretical papers by top authors in the field, who also conduct original field work and bring new data to light. It contains articles that apply the most recent theoretical tools to the area of ergativity, and then explore the issues that emerge. Languages investigated in the text include Basque, Georgian, and Hindi.
This volume presents a collection of papers on the enticing and complex theme of Ergativity. The papers exemplify theoretical depth applied to a wide range of languages, with the majority of papers based on original fieldwork. Ergativity refers to a grammatical pattern in which the logical subject of intransitive clauses and the logical object of transitive clauses share some grammatical features, and in this respect differ from transitive subjects. The shared features are often case and/or agreement, but a variety of other relevant features have also been isolated in the literature. The ergative pattern contrasts with that found in accusative languages where the subject has the same grammatical marking in intransitive and transitive clauses, while the object has different marking. Ergativity provides us with an ideal testing ground for claims about the range and limits of language variation, and about the degree of elasticity in the morphology-syntax interface. However, because an understanding of ergativity rests on an understanding of other difficult grammatical issues such as grammatical relations, transitivity, aspect, person, case, and agreement, a clear and integrated analysis of the phenomenon has remained elusive. Since Dixon’s (1967/1972) pioneer study of Dyirbal, extensive research has been conducted on a variety of ergative languages over the world from both descriptive, typological, and theoretical perspectives (see inter alia Anderson 1976, Silverstein 1976, Comrie 1978, Dixon 1979, 1994, DeLancey 1981, Marantz 1984, Levin & Massam 1985, Johns 1992, Bittner and Hale 1996, to name a few).
Part-I The Cases.- The Locus of Ergative Case Assignment: Evidence from Scope.- Neither Absolutive nor Ergative is Nominative or Accusative.- Eccentric Agreement and Multiple Case Checking.- Syntactic Ergativity in Tongan.- ll-Splits.- A Parametric Syntax of Aspectually Conditioned Split-Ergativity.- Split Absolutive.- Deriving Split Ergativity in the Progressive.- On 'Ergativity' in Halkomelem Salish.- Tree-Geometric Relational Hierarchies and Nuumiipuutímt (Nez Perce) Case.- lll-Antipassive.- Antipassive Morphology and Case Assignment in Inuktitut.- The Ergativity Parameter: A View from Antipassive.- Ergativity and Change in Inuktitut.- IV -The Range of Ergativity.- Ergativity in Austronesian Languages.- The Split Verb as a Source of Morphological Ergativity.
Contains cutting edge theoretical papers by top authors in the field
By authors who also conduct original field work and bring new data to light

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