Details

Links Between Beliefs and Cognitive Flexibility


Links Between Beliefs and Cognitive Flexibility

Lessons Learned

von: Jan Elen, Elmar Stahl, Rainer Bromme, Geraldine Clarebout

142,79 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 20.08.2011
ISBN/EAN: 9789400717930
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 213

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Beschreibungen

With the world and its structures becoming ever more complex, and the nature of future employment becoming ever more unpredictable, the notion of ‘cognitive flexibility’ has a high profile in educational and psychological debate. The contributions in this volume analyze the nature of cognitive flexibility, as well as the impact of different types of beliefs on cognitive flexibility. Making adequate decisions requires considering input from a variety of continuously evolving sources rather than adhering to predetermined procedures. Adopting a position in a debate necessitates the critical evaluation of different alternatives, while solving a problem entails selecting appropriate problem-solving strategies. Meanwhile, studying requires students to integrate a range of interventions, and treating a patient involves making a differential diagnosis. The common factor, cognitive flexibility, lies at the core of effective functioning in complex, domain-specific environments. Cognitive flexibility can be described as the disposition to consider diverse information elements while deciding on how to solve a problem or to execute a learning-related task in a variety of domains. The concept of ‘disposition’ implies that individuals will not always demonstrate cognitive flexibility even if they are in principle able to act in a cognitively flexible way. The notion does not require that alternatives are always deliberately considered, which is why this volume’s tandem discussion of beliefs is key element of the discussion. Beliefs play a central role in cognitive flexibility and relate to what individuals consider to be important, valid and/or true. Of specific interest is the relationship between epistemological beliefs and cognitive flexibility, especially as a particular subset of epistemological beliefs seems to be a prerequisite to a cognitively flexible disposition.
Cognitive flexibility presupposes an inclusive response to input from varied sources when engaged in problem-solving. The contributions in this volume analyze the nature of cognitive flexibility, as well as the impact of different types of beliefs on it.
Chapter 1   Personal Epistemology: Nomenclature, Conceptualizations, and Measurement Jeremy Briell, Jan Elen, Lieven Verschaffel, & Geraldine ClareboutChapter 2   The Generative Nature of Epistemological Judgments: Focusing on Interactions Instead of Elements to Understand the Relationship between Epistemological Beliefs and Cognitive Flexibility Elmar StahlChapter 3     Spontaneous Cognitive Flexibility and an Encompassing System of Epistemological Beliefs Marlene Schommer-AikinsChapter 4   Personal Epistemology and Philosophical Epistemology The View of a Philosopher Richard F. Kitchener    Chapter 5: Beliefs about Abilities and Epistemic Beliefs Aspects of Cognitive Flexibility in Information-Rich Environments Dorothe Kienhues and Rainer Bromme Chapter 6Cognitive Flexibility and Epistemic Validation in Learning from Multiple Texts Tobias Richter   Chapter 7Development of Cognitive Flexibility and Epistemological Understanding in Argumentation Beate Sodian and Petra Barchfeld    Chapter 8Medical Trainees’ Epistemological Beliefs and Their Cognitive Flexibility Ann Roex, Jan Degryse and Geraldine Clarebout     Chapter 9Analysing and Developing Strategy Flexibility in Mathematics Education Lieven Verschaffel, Koen Luwel, Joke Torbeyns, and Wim Van Dooren      Chapter 10 Conclusion Geraldine Clarebout, Rainer Bromme, Elmar Stahl, and Jan Elen
With the world and its structures becoming ever more complex, and the nature of future employment becoming ever more unpredictable, the notion of ‘cognitive flexibility’ has a high profile in educational and psychological debate. The contributions in this volume analyze the nature of cognitive flexibility, as well as the impact of different types of beliefs on cognitive flexibility. Making adequate decisions requires considering input from a variety of continuously evolving sources rather than adhering to predetermined procedures. Adopting a position in a debate necessitates the critical evaluation of different alternatives, while solving a problem entails selecting appropriate problem-solving strategies. Meanwhile, studying requires students to integrate a range of interventions, and treating a patient involves making a differential diagnosis. The common factor, cognitive flexibility, lies at the core of effective functioning in complex, domain-specific environments. Cognitive flexibility can be described as the disposition to consider diverse information elements while deciding on how to solve a problem or to execute a learning-related task in a variety of domains. The concept of ‘disposition’ implies that individuals will not always demonstrate cognitive flexibility even if they are in principle able to act in a cognitively flexible way. The notion does not require that alternatives are always deliberately considered, which is why this volume’s tandem discussion of beliefs is key element of the discussion. Beliefs play a central role in cognitive flexibility and relate to what individuals consider to be important, valid and/or true. Of specific interest is the relationship between epistemological beliefs and cognitive flexibility, especially as a particular subset of epistemological beliefs seems to be a prerequisite to a cognitively flexible disposition.
The links established between two related fields that nevertheless are often discussed separately Internationally renowned authors explain how cognitive flexibility is impacted by beliefs about the knowledge in specific domains The explicit orientation towards making theoretical propositions very explicit and hence open for discussion

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